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若何增强中小学线上教导讲授资本扶植与操纵?教导部7问答详解
宣布时候: 2021-02-08

一、《定见》出台的背景是甚么?

yanqikaixueshiqiyabowangyebanjiaodaocongmianshoujiangshouzhuanxiangdaguimozaixianjiangshou,shiyicishiwuqianlidedaguimoxianshangjiaodaolilun,changshihuodetilihejiaoshoutili、jiaohexueganxichanshenglejiaozhebiangeng,shiyicijiaodaoliniandedaxiaoyueyuebing、zaixianjiangshoudedapeixun、xiaojijiaoyandedaxietong,duigenbenjiaodaolaijiang,yisiyanzhongbingqieshenyuan。jieheyouguanbufenchutai《dingjian》,shichongshichanyangxinxishouyiduibiancegenbenjiaodaogudaihuadeshouyaoganhua,wenguxinguanfeiyanyiqingshiqizhongxiaoxuexianshangjiaodaojiangshougongxiao,zengjinzhouquanjinbujiaodaopinzhideshouyaoxingdong。《dingjian》dechutaishouyaoyouyixiasangefangmiandebeijing:

yishiluoshizhongjianyouguananpaiqingqiudeshouyaoxingdong。dangdeshijiujiesizhongquanhuitichu“chanyangshoujijiaodaoheyeshengzhinengshangfeng,liyijiaodaohejinxiutili”。《zhonggongzhongjianguowuyuanduishenrujiaodaojiangshoudingxinzhouquanjinbuzerenjiaodaopinzhidedingjian》mingbaiqingqiu“chenglilonggaizerenjiaodaogenianjigexuekedeshuzijiaodaozibentixi”“zhudongmosuojiyuhulianwangdejiangshou”“zhenghefuzhiguoduzhongxiaoxianshengshoujijinxiupingtai”。2020nian9yue22ri,xijinpingzongbugaozaijiaodaowenmingweishengtiyuguimozhuanjiadaibiaomantanhuishangfayanshizhichu,“yaozongjieyingdaxinguanfeiyanyiqingyilaidaguimozaixianjiaodaodejingli,caozongxinxishouyigengxinjiaodaolinian、biangengjiaodaoqingshi。”

ershijiaodaoxinxihuazengjinjiaodaogudaihuadeyidingtiaoxuan。xianshangxianxiajiaodaojiangshouronghuishengzhangshijiaodaoxinxihuadeshouyaoneirong。genbenjiaodaoyaoshunyingxinxihuabushishengzhangdailaidechangshihuodetilihejiaoshoutili、jiaohexueganxidefandongxingbiangeng,zhouquanjinshengjiaodaoxinxihuashuianranpingjingshishengxinxisuyang,biancejiangshougouzaoqingshihebanliqingshibiangengliyi,jiasuwanchenggenbenjiaodaogudaihua。

sanshizengjinjiaodaogongyunshengzhang、jinshengpinzhideyouyongluzi。woguogenbenjiaodaoyijinruzhouquanjinshengpinzhidexinjieduan。lilunchongshizhengshi,xianshangjiaodaojiangshouzibenduizengjinxianshengzilijinxiu、xiangcundiyutongxiangyouliangjiaodaozibenhejinbujiangtangjiaodaojiangshoupinzhijubeishouyaoganhua。yinweigedijiaodaoshengzhangbupingheng,chugeshichengxiangzhijianpinghengshengzhangchengdulingyouchayi,yingcongjiuyuandongshen,jiangdinglibiancexianshangjiaodaojiangshouzibenfuzhiyucaozongzuoweiyanzhongjimougongcheng,jiasuchengliyitaomixin、wanquan、tixidezaixianjiaodaozibendazhongbanshitixi。

二、增强中小学线上教导讲授资本扶植与操纵时应遵守的根基准绳是甚么?

《dingjian》duizhiyixijinpingxinshiqizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisiweiweizhidian,zhouquanguanchedangdejiaodaofangzhen,chuliwanmeixianshangjiaodaojiangshouzibenfuzhiyucaozongbaozhengtixi,tichulesitiaogenjizhunsheng。

yishiduizhiyubaochouben。zunshouxianshengshenxinshengzhangjilvhejiaodaojilv,yizengjinxianshengshengzhangweizhongjian,zhongshidezhitimeilaozhouquanpeiyu,jianlijiabeishihexianshengzhouquanshengzhang、zhizuxianshengduoyanghuaxuyaodejinxiuqingkuang。

ershiduizhijiangujihua。zhongshibufenxietong、gaodiliandong,wanmeizhengceqiantibaozhengjizhi,jiangufuzhipingtai,tixikaipigezhongxianshangjiaodaojiangshouziben,jinbuzibenfuzhixiaoyiheyunzhuanbaozhengchengdu。

sanshiduizhijichengliyi。huijutuixingyiqingshiqixianshangjiaodaojiangshouduijidekeguijingli,jianquanzibenpinzhiguifan,wanmeizibenkaipitiaoxuan、gengxinjinbu、kaifangtongxiangjizhi,quebaozibenyuanyujiangtang,shunyingchabieyonghuxuyao。

sishiduizhicaozongdaoxiang。qianghuafenleizhidian,wanmeijiangshougouzaobanlijizhi,chongshijiqiyabowangyeban、jiaoyuanhexianshengcaozongxianshangjiaodaojiangshouzibendezhudongxing,biancexianshangxianxiajiaodaoronghuishengzhang,bimianyixianshangjiangshoujianlvetihuanxianxiajiangshou。

三、增强中小学线上教导讲授资本扶植与操纵的首要方针是甚么?

zhengtifangzhen:dao2025nian,genjigoucheng“sangebiexi,yigexinchangtai,yigekuanshi”。

cizhong,sangebiexi:yishigenjigouchengdingweiqingchu、hulianhutong、gongjiantongxiangdexianshangjiaodaopingtaitixi;ershilonggaigezhongzhuantijiaodaohegekebenbanbendexuekekechengzibentixi;sanshihangaifuzhiyunwei、zibenkaipi、jiangshoucaozong、bianceshishidengfangmiandezhengcebaozhengguizhitixi。

yige“xinchangtai”,shizhiyabowangyebanzhongduanzhuangbeiheshoujiqiantizhizujiaodaojiangshouxuyao,shishengxinxihuasuyanghecaozongcainengmingxianjinsheng,caozongxianshangjiaodaozibenjiaoyuxuechengweixinchangtai。

yige“kuanshi”,shizhiyouliangjiaodaozibentongxianggongyongkuanshigenjiwanmei,xinxihuabiancejiaodaogongyunshengzhanghepinzhijinshengdeganhuahuodeyouyongchanyang。

四、中小学线上教导讲授资本扶植方面有甚么特色?

zhongxiaoxuexianshangjiaodaojiangshouzibenfuzhishouyaoyousangefangmiandetese:

yishijingxinshexiang,luoshi“sangeduizhi”,jiduizhiyubaochouben,zunshoujiaodaojilvhexianshengshenxinshengzhangjilv,duizhipinzhizhishang,chongshibiaoxian“guodugongcheng、banshitianxia、pinzhizhishang”zhuzhi,duizhijiangujihua,chongshibiangenggefangqilitixijingying;

ershibiaoxiangaoguifanqingqiu,yikao“sigao”kaipi,zibenjianzaotuanduijihebiaoxian“sigao”tese,jidaochangdiyujiaodaopinzhigao,didianyabowangyebanbanxuechengdugao,daochangjiaoyuanjiangshouchengdugao,shouyituanduizhuanyechengdugao;

sanshizengqiangliuchengbanli,“shuangshen”baozhengpinzhi,zibenjianchashishixuekejianchahezhengzhijianchashuangxianbanli,xuekejianchazhuanjiatizaodaochangjiangshoushexiangguanjian,zhengzhijianchazhuanjiakushoudixiansiwei,baozhengzibenpinzhi。

五、国度中小学收集云平台今朝已有哪些教导讲授资本?

guoduzhongxiaoxueshoujiyunpingtaiyu2020nian2yue17rizhengshishoujiu,shangxianlexiaoxue、chuzhong、gaozhonggexueduanshouyaoxuekechunjixueqikechengjinxiuziben4649keshi,chunjixueqikechengjinxiuziben3803keshi,wanchenglexiaoxue、chuzhong、gaozhongyiqienianjihegeshouyaoxuekequanlonggai,xianxiantilijiabeigongdao,shishengliyongjiabeizili。zibenyiweikeshipinweishouyaoqingshi,zhongxueweikeshizhangwei20-25fenzhong、xiaoxueweikeshizhangwei15-20fenzhong,heshiwangshangjinxiutesejimuliyanhudexuyao;jiena“jiaoyuanjiangshou+duomeitidaping”deqingshi,zuidaxianzhifuyuanjiangtangjiangshoudeshizaichangjing,fuxianjiangtangjiangshoudexianchanggan,fuhezhongxiaoxianshengderenzhixiqihexuyao。jiaodaobuanshenyuduixianshengdezhouquanpeiyu,haizaiyunpingtaishanggongjifengshuoduoyangdeyouliangzhuantijiaodaoziben,baoluofangyijiaodao、daodejiaodao、xingmingyuningjingjiaodao、xinsiankangjiaodao、jiatingjiaodao、dianfanyuedu、yanxuejiaodao、yingshijiaodao、dianzikebendeng。

六、国度中小学收集云平台今朝首要在哪些方面阐扬感化?

zai2020nianxinguanyiqingfangkongshiqi,guoduzhongxiaoxueshoujiyunpingtaizuoweibaozheng“fukebuchuoxue”de“guodudui”,chengshouzhulemolian,weiyiwanzhongxiaoxianshengdezaixianjinxiugongjileshouyaochengchi。genzheyiqingfangkongdechangtaihua,yunpingtaijiangyanxufali,jingyouguochenggongjiduozhongbanshichanyangshouyaoganhua:yishibanshijiaoyuanjiangtangjiangshou,jinbujiangtangjiangshouxiaoliyupinzhi;ershibanshixianshengzilijinxiu,peiyuxianshengzilijinxiuxiqihecaineng;sanshibanshixiangcunjinbujiaodaopinzhi,jianshaochengxiangjiaodaochayi、zengjinjiaodaogongyun;sishibanshiyingdayanyanzhongzhongshiwu,jinshenggenbenjiaodaoyingdayanzhongtufashiwudecaineng。

七、各部分的牵头职责是甚么?

yishijiaodaobufen。jiaodaobujiangufuzhizhuantijiaodaoziben,bingyikaoguodutongbiankebenheyongliangjiaodadeshouyaobanbenkebentixikaipikechengjiangshouziben;huitongchanyehexinxihuabuwanmeiguoduzhongxiaoxueshoujiyunpingtai,huitongguodubosongdianshizongjubantuozhongguojiaodaodianshitai“kongzhongjiangtang”pindao。jiaodaobufenhuitongyouguanbufenwanmeishengjungongyongjingyongduyuxianshangjiaodaojiangshoudezhengce,yantaonidingxishouyouguanjigou、shehuijiti、qiyechengchidaochangdeduoyuantourujizhi,weiyabowangyebanzhankaixianshangjiaodaojiangshougongjiyouliangzibenbaozheng。

ershifagaibufen。gesheng(qu、shi)bashengjipingtaifuzhiguirubendizhongdianchengchiguimo。

sanshigongxinbufen。jiasukuandaishoujizaizhongxiaoxuedeanpai,gailiangyabowangyebanchugeshixiangcunyaoyuandiyuyabowangyebanshoujijieruqianti,diaohegenbendianxinqiyehejierubanshiqiyezuohaoxiangganshouyibaozhengrenwu。

sishicaiwubufen。yikaoxianyouzhengcehezijinqudao,jiangpingtaiyunzhuanbaohuguiruchengchiguimo,pianzhongdianbaozhengpinkudiyuzerenjiaodaoyabowangyebanxuyaodezhuangbeigoumaidengxiangganjingfei。

wushiguangdianbufen。diaohebosongdianshixiangganjigoushezhidianshijiaodaozhuanqu,youqiantidechusuofennianjishezhizhuanqu,jingyouguochengyouxiandianshishouji、guangdian5gshoujijizhiboweixingdengpingtaibochudianshijiangtang,yankuguankonggaobaitoufang,yanjinkechengzhongjianchabogaobai。

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